Lower Key Stage 2 – Years 3-4
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in lower Key Stage 2 is to ensure that pupils:
- become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the four operations;
- are confident with number facts and the concept of place value;
- develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers;
- develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value.
- draw with increasing accuracy;
- develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them;
- can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make connections between measure and number;
- by the end of Year 4, pupils should have memorised their multiplication tables up to and including 12x12;
- should read and spell mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their growing word reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling.
Upper Key Stage 2 – Years 5-6
The principal focus of mathematics teaching in upper Key Stage 2 is to ensure that pupils:
- extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integer;
- develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio;
- should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation;
- are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems;
- teaching in geometry and measures should consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number;
- teaching should also ensure that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and that they learn the vocabulary they need to describe them;
- by the end of Year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages;
- pupils should read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.